Belgium Belgium


This guide is for e-commerce companies that sell online via web stores or at marketplaces to Belgium consumers.


VAT Standard rate 

The standard VAT rate in Belgium in 2024 is 21%.



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VAT Reduced rate in Belgium


  • Restaurant and catering services, excluding beverages;
  • Phytopharmaceutical products;
  • Inner tubes;
  • Certain combustible material .


  • Works on immovable property (limited in time and with strict conditions);
  • Basic necessities, such as food and pharmaceuticals ;
  • Some printed materials;
  • Distribution of water through pipelines;
  • Transport services of persons;
  • Hotels and camping;
  • Admission to cultural, sporting, and entertainment venues.

See the summary of the EU VAT rates.


Belgium VAT registration threshold

From the 1st of July 2021, the distance selling thresholds were withdrawn and replaced by a unified threshold of €10,000 for all EU members.

In other words, VAT should be charged at the VAT rate of the customer’s country of residence by companies whose annual taxable cross-border turnover is over €10,000.


Deductible VAT in Belgium

If goods or services were used to make taxable supplies in Belgium, VAT in input invoices might be credited. Examples include: 

  • VAT paid at custom clearance with your EORI number;
  • VAT paid to Belgium suppliers.


Belgium VAT registration procedure

When a company has the obligation to register, the owners will be required to complete and submit a VAT registration form by post, along with supporting documentation:

  • Certificate of incorporation;
  • Trade register extract;
  • VAT certificate;
  • An explanation of the economic activities of the company in Belgium;
  • If the company is appointing a local tax agent or Fiscal Representative, then a Letter of Authority or Power of Attorney.

The Intra-community VAT number should be received under separate application. The company should also issue a bank guarantee. 


Tax representative in Belgium

Non-EU businesses must appoint a Belgian fiscal representative when registering for VAT purposes in Belgium. 


Keeping records

Records about performed transactions must be kept in order to check the correctness of tax returns and payments. The retention period for the records is 10 years. 


Belgium VAT payment date

The VAT due must be paid before the 20th day of the month following the period.


Filing VAT returns in Belgium

VAT returns in Belgium are due by the 20th of the month following the reporting period. The standard reporting period is a month. Quarterly returns are permitted if the following conditions are met:

  • Total amount of EU-supplies of goods below €50,000 in the current or any of the previous four quarters;
  • Annual turnover below €2,500,000. This threshold is reduced to €250,000 for companies trading with energy products, land vehicles, mobile phones, computers and their accessories and IT components. 


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Digital services

VAT Standart rate

The standard VAT rate in Belgium in 2024 is 21%.


Belgium VAT Reduced rates

 An intermediate rate is 12%.

Reduced rate of  6% is for digital books, digital daily, and weekly newspapers, and daily and weekly periodicals.



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Belgium VAT registration thresholds

Companies incorporated or having a permanent establishment in the EU can use the rules for low annual turnovers. In this case, the threshold is €10,000.

Companies established outside the European Union cannot benefit from the intra-EU threshold. The threshold for registration for companies outside of the EU is zero. It means that they are obliged to register from the first sale. Such businesses may register for non-Union OSS instead of registration in Belgium.

The threshold for registration for local businesses is €25,000.


Pieces of evidence

 There is a list of basic criteria to determine the location of the buyer. It is extremely important for determining tax obligations.

  • Customer’s address;
  • Billing address (bank or electronic payment operator);
  • Internet Protocol (IP) address;
  • Telephone number;
  • The location of the customer’s fixed landline through which the service is supplied to him;
  • Other commercially relevant information.

And if two of them are in Belgium, the customer may be determined as Belgian.


E-services list

 A digital product is any product that is stored, delivered, and used in an electronic format. These are goods or services that a customer can receive by e-mail, by downloading them from the Internet, or by logging into a website. In particular, the law names the following as digital services:

  • Electronic books, images, movies, and videos, whether buying a copy from Shopify or using a service (for example Amazon Prime). In tax materials, these products are referred to as “Audio, visual or audiovisual products”;
  • Downloadable and streaming music, whether buying an MP3 or using music services;
  • Cloud-based software and as-a-Service products (SaaS, PaaS, IaaS);
  • Websites, site hosting services, and Internet service providers;
  • Online ads and affiliate marketing.


Belgium VAT registration procedure

To register, you need to fill out a registration application. To do this, you will need the following information about the company:

  • Full information about the company;
  • Company’s name, a trading name of the company (If applicable), full postal address, email address and website of the taxable person, name and phone number of the contact person;
  • National tax number (If applicable);
  • Country in which the taxable person has his place of business;
  • International bank account number or OBAN number and BIC;
  • An electronic declaration that the taxable person is not registered for VAT within the Union;
  • Date of commencement of using the scheme.

Documents need to be accompanied by a sworn translation into Belgian.


Tax representative in Belgium

Sellers who sell digital services have no obligation to appoint a tax representative in Belgium.


Keeping records

It is necessary to keep the records of the transactions for 10 years from the end of the year in which the transaction was made – the tax authorities have the right to request them.


Filling VAT returns in Belgium

The standard reporting period in Belgium is a month or a quarter. Taxpayers are required to submit the VAT return no later than on the 20th of the month following the month or quarter in which the transactions took place.

For example, the VAT return for January must be submitted by 20 February at the latest, and for the first quarter – by 20 April at the latest.


Belgium VAT payment date 

The VAT payment deadlines correspond with the deadlines for submitting VAT returns – no later than on the 20th of the month following the month or quarter in which the transactions took place.


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