Moldova Moldova

Goods

VAT Standard rate

A 20% rate is applied to most goods.

 

Reduce rate

A reduced rate of 8% applies to the supply of daily demand goods such as:

  • Local supplies of bread and baked goods;
  • Milk and dairy products;
  • Biofuels used for electricity generation, heating and hot water supply;
  • And some pyrotechnical, horticultural and zootechnical products.

Zero rate

  • Exports of goods;
  • International transport of persons and freight;
  • Electric and thermal power;
  • Water supply.

Exempt supplies of goods

  • Printed publications;
  • Children food;
  • Educational services;

This list is not exhaustive.

Deductible VAT

It is possible to deduct input VAT incurred on the purchase of goods and/or services if it is incurred by a registered VAT payer on VATable supplies in the course of business.

Proportional VAT deduction applies to mixed deliveries.

Registration requirements for distance sellers

In Moldova, there is no registration obligation for online sellers. A bill requiring non-resident online sellers to register and pay VAT has not been approved.

Registration requirements for online marketplace

There are no special requirements for marketplaces in Moldova.

Registration procedure

The application form for registration must be submitted by a local legal entity no later than the last day of the month during which the obligation to register for tax has arisen. This form can be sent in hard copy by mail, personally brought to the office or submitted online. As a rule, it is enough to attach a passport and constituent documents to the application. In some cases, the provision of accounting documents is required.

The registration period is usually no more than 30 days. However, in cases where it is necessary to provide additional documents, the registration period may be extended.

Tax representative

Tax representatives are not required in Moldova.

VAT filing and payment

After registration, the taxpayer is obliged to submit VAT declarations in electronic form and pay the VAT due on a monthly basis – by the 25th day of the month following the reporting one.

Digital services

On April 1, 2020, a law came into force, according to which the supply of services via electronic networks by non-residents carrying out business activities without registration of an organizational and legal form in the Republic of Moldova is an object of taxation.

VAT Standard rate

The standard rate is 20% of the taxable value of imported goods and services and supplies carried out on the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

 

Thresholds

Registration is required from the moment of occurrence of the object of taxation, the threshold is not applied.

E-services list

  • granting the right to use computer programs (including computer games), databases on the internet, including providing them remote access, as well as their upgrading them and expanding their functionality;
  • advertising services on the internet, including through computer programs and databases that operate on the Internet, as well as providing spaces (platforms) for advertising on the internet;
  • granting services related to the placement of offers for purchase (trade) of goods (services, works), property rights on the internet;
  • granting services on the internet by proving technical, organizational, informational and other capabilities, carried out by using of information technologies and systems, for establishing contacts and closing transactions between sellers and buyers (including granting platforms operating in online regime on the internet, where potential buyers propose their price through an automated process and the parties receive a notice of sale through an automatically sent);
  • ensuring and/or supporting the commercial or personal presence on the internet, supporting user’s information resources (internet sites and/or pages), ensuring access to them to other network users, giving users the possibilities of their modification;
  • storing and processing of information if the person providing this information has access to it on the internet;
  • providing online computational power to post information in the information systems;
  • offering domains, providing hosting services;
  • providing administration services for information systems, internet sites;
  • granting services, provided automatically by the internet for entering data by the buyer of services, providing search services, selecting and sorting data upon request, providing that data to users through information and telecommunication networks (in particular, real-time stock exchange reports, real-time automated translation);
  • granting through the internet the right to use e-books (editions) and other e-publications, informational and educational materials, graphic presentations, music works with or without text, audiovisual works, including by granting remote access to them for visualization and listening;
  • providing search services and/or granting services to the beneficiary of the information regarding the potential buyers;
  • providing access to search systems on the internet;
  • keeping statistics on the internet sites;
  • digital broadcasting of radio or TV programs;
  • providing access to audiovisual content.

 

Pieces of evidence

The place of delivery of digital services, provided by non-residents carrying out an entrepreneurial activity without holding the legal form in the Republic of Moldova to individuals residing in the Republic of Moldova who does not carry out entrepreneurial activity shall be considered the Republic of Moldova if:

  • the residence of the individuals is the Republic of Moldova;
  • the headquarters of the financial institution, where the account is opened, used to pay for the services, or of the operator of electronic financial means, used to make the payment is the Republic of Moldova;
  • the IP address of the device, used by the buyer to purchase the services, is the Republic of Moldova;
  • the country area code of the phone number, used to purchase or pay for the services, is assigned to the Republic of Moldova.

Registration procedure

Non-residents are required to submit an application via an electronic service provided by the State Tax Service during the first tax period in which the obligation to calculate and pay VAT occurs, before submitting the declaration.

Within three working days from the date of occurrence of the object of taxation or tax liability, non-residents submit to the State Tax Service an application for the assignment of a fiscal code with a copy of an identity document attached, respectively, or, in the case of organizations, copies of certifying documents (with translation into the state language, certified by a notary and consular offices of the Republic of Moldova), as well as copies of documents confirming the existence of taxable objects.

Tax representative

Moldova has created a convenient system of VAT registration and payment, which does not require the appointment of a fiscal representative.

VAT filing and payment

A non-resident is obliged to submit information concerning VAT for each fiscal period, during which taxable operations were carried out. The information shall be compiled according to the form approved by the State Tax Service and shall be submitted mandatorily by automated e-reporting methods by means of the e-office of the taxpayers within a period of up to the 25th day of the month following the end of the fiscal period.

For each fiscal period, the non-resident shall transfer to the budget the VAT amount in one of the MDL/USD/EUR currencies at the latest on the date established for presenting the information for this period.

The fiscal period is a quarter.