Lithuania: Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for packaging
The Law on Packaging and Packaging Waste Management in the Republic of Lithuania entered into force in 2003, but the law was amended and supplemented until 2023. The regulations governing packaging and the proper handling of packaging waste must be followed by all those involved in packaging and business operations.
Who is considered responsible
All manufacturers and retailers are required to comply with the regulations outlined in the Lithuanian Packaging Act, and these provisions apply to anyone distributing packaging materials to Lithuania:
- Packaging manufacturers
- Waste handlers
What the packaging includes
The packaging supplied to the Lithuanian market is considered to be the packaging used in the products for sale.
Packaging within the meaning of the Packaging Act may consist of the following materials:
- paper and cardboard
- combination bags
Producers are required to keep records of all packages of finished products, regardless of the volume of the package. The registration limit for the EPR rules is 0.5 tons of packaging. Producers and importers supplying more than 0.5 tons of packaging to the territory of the Republic of Lithuania are required to pay an environmental tax on packaging waste.
Producers’ Commitments for Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) in Lithuania
1 Extended producer responsibility (EPR) Registration in Lithuania
Mandatory enrollment in the Unified Product, Packaging and Waste Information System (GPAIS) required for all packaging manufacturers and importers. Licenses are issued by the Ministry of Environment or its authorized licensing authority through the GPAIS system. Waste records must be kept in GPAIS by waste management companies. Product distributors incorporate accepted product waste into their product waste logbooks, eliminating the necessity to record this waste in GPAIS.
2 EPR certification with Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO)
There are presently three operational Packaging Recovery Organizations (PROs) in Lithuania, established as public entities. In cases where the nature of enterprises’ activities suggests Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) requirements under the law, government inspectors and PROs will provide information to the enterprises.
The manufacturer or importer must prepare and submit an FR0524 tax return for the previous calendar year, detailing environmental pollution resulting from packaging waste in alignment with packaging records.
Data concerning the generation of packaging waste is derived from industry declarations related to products introduced to the market. The Packaging Recovery Organization (PRO) enforces monitoring measures to deter the evasion of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) obligations and to ensure compliance.
4 Settlement of charges
The fee paid to the Extended Producer Responsibility (ERP) organization by its members for the management of packaging waste varies according to the types of materials and the adaptability of the packaging for reuse and recycling. Lithuania employs a payment system that adjusts based on the recycling level.
In Lithuania, a foreign packaging supplier is not obligated to appoint a local representative and can independently fulfill its responsibilities.
Product or packaging records can be kept daily, monthly, or quarterly, with a requirement to log waste quantity within 5 working days after each calendar month.
The Administrator of the Reusable Packaging Deposit Scheme must electronically share details on reusable packaging accountability with the Environment Agency by February 20th annually.
Penalties or Sanctions
Neglecting to carry out separate waste collection from non-household sources may lead to the issuance of a warning or a fine ranging from 20 to 80 euros.
If taxpayer hides the amount of products or packaging they provide to the market in Lithuania and don’t report it to the tax authorities, the taxpayer could be fined 2% of their income. There’s a minimum tax of €10,000 for pollution caused by production or packaging waste if the calculated tax is less than €10,000.